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Who are School Psychologists?


What is a school psychologist

School psychologists are uniquely qualified members of school teams that support students’ ability to learn and teachers’ ability to teach. They apply expertise in mental health, learning, and behavior, to help children and youth succeed academically, socially, behaviorally, and emotionally. School psychologists partner with families, teachers, school administrators, and other professionals to create safe, healthy, and supportive learning environments that strengthen connections between home, school, and the community.” NASP

This website has been designed to provide school psychologists (and those with an interest in school psychology) with federal, state, legal, and professional resources to assist them in fulfilling their support functions as summarized above.    


school psychology

What’s New? *

Click on bold faced text to quickly access material . . .

October 15, 2017.  Specific Learning Disabilities/Concerns about RTI.   A relatively brief summary of some of the concerns about RTI.

October 15, 2017.   Spedlaw/ESSA State Plans.  Consolidated state plans for 48 of 50 states approved by ED.

October 15, 2017.  Updated special education links for Nebraska and Tennessee.

October 5, 2017.  Our Resources/CHC.   Added several references to Cross Battery Assessments (XBA) which are based on CHC theory.

September 18, 2017.  Social Maladjustment vs. Emotional Disability.  Old stuff warmed over.  Seems like this question never gets completely resolved no matter how many times it gets brought up.

September 18, 2017.  Guy’s Log, September, 2017.  Perry Zirkel’s Special Education Legal Alert (September 2017)

September 18, 2017.  State Regulations, Arizona.  Updated links to Arizona education statutes and Administrative Code.

September 17. 2017.  FERPA.   How long should a school psychologist keep psychological records?  (An opinion piece.)

September 14, 2017.  FERPA/Introduction.  The link to the Education Department’s Privacy Technical Assistance Center (PTAC) has changed.  A new link and a brief description of PTAC’s function has been added to the Introduction on our FERPA page.

September 11, 2017  Guy’s Log, September 11, 2017.  Rachel H. v. State of Hawaii.  Parent’s claim that school denied FAPE by failing to specify school fails Ninth Circuit test.  MR. v. Ridley in Third Circuit results in parent victory in dispute over attorney fees for getting a stay put placement.gavel

July 21, 2017.  Guy’s Log, July 2017.   IZW v. Rosemont, Eighth Circuit, July 14, 2017.  Although on the face of it, a case based on Minnesota state statute, in the final analysis it was decided based on the recent Supreme Court decision in Endrew.

July 9, 2017.  On June 2, 2017, the United States Department of Education inaugurated a new IDEA web.  Click here to our Spedlaw page to view the letter with links to that page.

July 8, 2017.   Spedlaw/State Regulations.  Link to Nevada state approved IEP and Eligibility forms

July 7, 2017.  Began new section Resources/Response to Intervention

July 6, 2017.   Resources/Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder.   New article on ADHD and sleep disorders.

July 6, 2017,   The Arizona link to Evaluations and Eligibility which included guidance on RTI and criteria for eligibility determinations went dead last year and as of this date was still in the process of revision.  The link for the 2012 guidance, Evaluations and Eligibility, which is currently the only guidance that can be found, archived on another website, was added to the Spedlaw/State Regulations page under the Arizona links.

July 6, 2017.   The link for Utah’s sped rules went dead.  A link from the Wayback Machine for Utah was added to the 2013 Utah Regulations until such time as Utah issues new regulations.

July 1, 2017.  A number of schools use screening instruments for autism before progressing to a full scale evaluation.  Some of the more commonly used screeners have been added to our Autism Spectrum Disorders page with links and publishers’ descriptions.

June 30, 2017.  Under Guy’s Log/June 2017 are summaries and links to two new cases.  D.L. v District of Columbia (a 12 year old class action lawsuit.)  Also Special District #1 v. R.M.M. (a Minnesota case involving a parentally placed pupil in a private school with an idiosyncratic outcome based on state law.)

June 30, 2017.  OSERS amended the 2006 FR to bring them in harmony with the ESSA; also corrected some cross references.   OSERS 2017 Amendment Letter with links saved on Spedlaw page.

June 28, 2017.   In 2016,  Arizona’s Education Department took down all of its special education guidance and regulations.  Since then, they’ve published two (2) guidance documents; additional guidance is still available from the state statutes, all of which can now be viewed at State Regulations/Arizona.

April 4, 2017.  Guy’s Log/April 2017.  Avila v. Spokane, March 30, 2917, Ninth Circuit.  A Statute of Limitationsgavel case, defining the start date as being when the parents knew or should have known about the events for which they were seeking redress.

March 25, 2017.   Added Endrew F. v. Douglas County to our Landmark Decisions page; added our analysis ofgavel Endrew F. along with a link to Justia’s Summary.

March 22, 2017.   Guy’s Log, March, 2017.  NEW LANDMARK SUPREME COURT CASE.  Endrew F. v. Douglas gavelCounty Public Schools, Supreme Court, March 22, 2017.   Decision in favor of a more than de minibus standard for FAPE under the IDEA.   Case remanded back to the Tenth Circuit, where when they apply the higher standard they may (OR MAY NOT) decide in favor of the parents.   This decision will probably not affect decisions in the Third and Sixth Circuits, but it probably will in most others.

March 22, 2017.  John’s Log; Comments on Report #260 March 21, 2017

March 21, 2017.   Guy’s Log, March, 2017.   Added three new cases, two applying the new Supreme Court standard for determining when exhaustion of administrative remedies under the IDEA are required (parents lost in both gavelcases); and the third case simply reinforced the long standing legal principle that you can’t get attorney fees for an informal case resolution.

February 25, 2017.  Guy’s Log, February, 2017.   Fry  v. Napolean Community Schools, Supreme Court, February 2017.  Supreme Court provides new test to determine if exhaustion of IDEA remedies was/was not required.gavel

February 22, 2017.  Questions and Answers: Screening and Evaluations.   The question:   Is an individual assessment always required for IDEA services?  Seemingly an easy answer, but the answer was a bit more involved.

February 19, 2017.  Resources/Assessment.   Regression towards Mediocrity –  A slideshow presentation by John Willis.  Ron Dumont contributed.  (Follows link to 1886 article by Galton.)

February 4, 2017.  Humor Page/John’s Alleged Humor.   New PowerPoint.

February 4, 2017.  Disabilities/SLD/Does Ralph Have a Specific Learning Disability?  Example of the capricious nature of SLD identifications using the historic intra-individual discrepancy methodology based on who is doing the interpreting.

February 4, 2017.  Guys Log/February 2017.   Summaries of two more cases, the first involving reading gavelmethodology, the other the provision of services to students speaking English as a Second Language (ESL).  M. v. Falmouth School District, First Circuit, and  Issa v. Lancaster School District, Third Circuit (not a sped case per se)

February 4, 2017. Resources/Speech/Language Impairments.  Four new links documenting the relationship between language impairments and reading, writing, or math impairments.  (Potentially useful in justifying the provision of resource room services in those areas under the SLI label.)

February 2, 2017.  Questions and Answers/Screening, Evaluation, Identification.  Question: I’ve been told school psychologists should not diagnose dyslexia; so what should I tell a parent who asks if we evaluate for dyslexia?

February 2, 2017.  Guy’s Log/February 2017.  Added two cases, J.J. v. Independent School District, Minnesota gavelCourt of Appeals, and Board of Education Albuquerque v  Maez and Mondragon, District Court, New Mexico.

January 21, 2017.  Resources: Autism.  Helping Children with Autism Fall Asleep.

January 18, 2017.  Guy’s Log/January 2017.  Brief discussion of Supreme Court case, Enders v. Douglas Countygavel (Undecided).  A.M. v. New York Dept. of Education, Second Circuit (School wins on procedural issues, but loses on FAPE issue.); Smith v. Meeks, District Court Illinois (Biological mother with visitation rights retains right to see child’s education records, loses right to make education decisions or to file for due process hearing.)

January 8, 2017.  Spedlaw/Part C.  Major re-edit with additional links to Part C references, OSEP letters, and court cases.

January 5, 2017.   Began new Resources/Discipline section with King’s November 25 letter to the schools suggesting that corporal punishment be abolished.

January 5, 2017.   Test Info.  Misuse of Grade Equivalents.   Pearson position statement on Interpretation Problems of Age and Grade Equivalents.  (Scroll down to bottom.

January 5, 2017.  Litigation Update, January 2017.  Genn v. New Haven Brd. of Educ., District Court, CN, November 2016,   Parent wins reimbursement for IEE because school denied without having due process hearing.

January 5, 2017.  Litigation Update, January 2017.  Cobb County School District v. DR, 11th Circuit, November gavel2016.   Parent given new chance to get attorney fees because the school system also unnecessarily protracted the litigation.

December 19, 2016.  Spedlaw/Damages.  In the decision below, judge Terry R. Means provided an up to date summary of caselaw regarding liability and  deliberate indifference with respect to the availability of damages under Section 504.  Excerpts from that decision are archived at the preceding link.

December 18, 2016. Guy’s Log/2016.   Plainscapital v. Keller, Northern Texas District Court, November 29, 2016.gavel  District court overturns a million dollar verdict against a school system as a matter of law.

December 11, 2016.  Spedlaw:  OSERS issues significant amendment to the 2006 FR for Part B regarding disproportionality.

December 6, 2016.     Questions and Answers, Discipline/Suspensions.  Question:  Can someone direct me to some of the best documentation to share with school administrators regarding why we legally cannot compel a parent to take their child home from school with a stated reason of “the child did not take his medications” for mood management and ADHD?

December 6, 2016.  Q and A 1.1.  Identification.  Question:  I’ve read that the Rowley decision is flawed.  A former state sped director tried to convince teachers of the blind, on the basis of the Rowley decision, that they should not qualify all the high functioning blind and visually impaired students because, if they weren’t failing, they did not need and were not eligible for, special educational services.  Was she right?

November 19, 2016.  Guy’s Log/November 2016.   N.E. v. Seattle Public Schools.  A stay put case, where parentsgavel argued stay put should have been the last placement, not the placement agreed to in the current IEP.   Ninth Circuit, November 17, 2016.   Parent’s lose the argument.

October 10, 2016.  Sped Resources/English Language Learners.  Non regulatory guidance from September 2016 which was issued by the United States Department of Education.

October 10, 2016.   Spedlaw/OCR, Section 504 and the ADA.  New link and summary regarding the revised Title II, Title III, and ADA Regulations effective October 11, 2016,  Explicitly added Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity and Dyslexia to the list of covered disabilities.

October 8, 2016.   John’s Log/Comments on Reports 259.   From October 5, 2016

October 2, 2016.  John’s Log/Comments 258.

September 28, 2016.  Humor Page.  Assessment Humor PowerPoint, courtesy of John Willis.

September 27, 2016.  Resources/Assessment.  Downloaded Regression to Mediocrity by Francis Galton, 1886, for our younger readers who may not have been around when it was published.

September 27, 2016.  Test Tools/RIAS 2.  Slides from Cecil Reynolds on the RIAS 2 and PSW.

September 24, 2016.  Guy’s Log/September 2016.  B.C. v. Mount Vernon, Washington.  Second Circuit. gavel 9/16/2016.  Second Circuit tells parent that her child’s need for special education under IDEA does not necessarily mean he has a substantial limitation under Section 504/ADA.

September 22, 2016.  Some years ago, NASP issued a Position Statement on Specific Learning Disabilities in which they recommended school psychologists not mention dyslexia in their reports.   Responding to national and state initiatives over the past several years, NASP re-issued its Position Statement with the controversial remarks regarding dyslexia omitted.  The revised link has been added to our Disabilities/Dyslexia page.

September 22, 2016.   Disabilities/Dyslexia.   April 25, 2016 OSEP Letter to Unnerstall clarifying  OSERS Dyslexia Clarification Memorandum from October, 2015.

September 10, 2016.  Sped Resources/Traumatic Brain Injury.   NC Parent Handout on Understanding Concussion and its Impact on Learning and NC State Board of Education Policy on concussion, with links to forms.

September 9, 2916.  Sped Resources/Parent Resources.  Link to Quit Alcohol, a website devoted to the dangers of teen age drinking.  Also see link to  Alan-Anon Family Groups, same section.

September 5,2016.  Guy’s Log/September.  L.J. v. Pittsburg, September 1, 2016.   The fact that a student is getting average grades is not determinative in determining his or her need for special education (an IEP.)gavel

September 5, 2016.  Sped Resources/Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder.    “ADHD and Meds Effect on Risky Behavior.”  Research article on the effects of ADHD medications on probability of contracting STDs or becoming pregnant.

September 4, 2016.  Sped Resources/Social, Emotional and Behavioral Issues.  Article by Perry Zirkel (2016) on seclusion and timeout.

August 30, 2016.  Guy’s Log/2016/August.   The question was, “After passage of the ESSA, are special education teachers only required to teach high school students what is in the high school curriculum, and shouldn’t almost all IEPs be virtually the same?”   This 1997 case from Wrightslaw, James Brody v. Dare County, provided an early answer (Unequivocally, “No.”)  It is a state hearing officer decision worth reviewing even today.

August 30, 2016.  Guy’s Log/2016/August.  Is a school exempted from providing a student with a disability with FAPE if she or he has graduated with a regular high school diploma?  According to this decision in Raquel Holman v. D.C., District Court, 2016, “Not always.”

August 28, 2016,  Test Tools/WISC 5/Gary Canivez.    Three new links to research articles on the WISC 5.

August 25, 2016,  Humor/Rogerian Therapy.   A brief parody of Rogerian therapy.

August 19, 2016.  Guy’s Log 2016/August.   S.D. v. Haddon Heights.  Third Circuit.  Parents lose bid for gavelcompensatory damages because they failed to exhaust IDEA administrative remedies.

August 17, 2016.  Sped Resources/English Language Learners.  Links to OCR resources and two state web pages (AZ and CA).

August 15, 2016.  Sped Resources/Primary Service Provider Model.   Eleven new links on a service delivery model widely adopted by Part C programs in a number of states.   Spedlaw/Part C.  Brief overview of the PSP Model and states using it for Part C Early Intervention programs  (Source:  ECTA)

August 13, 2016.  New Disabilities Info/Intellectual Disabilities web page with links to Amici/amicus briefs on a recent Atkins death penalty case.

August 12, 2016.  Guy’s Log 2016/August.   Doe v Cape Elizabeth School District, August 5, 2016.   First Circuit
gavel overrules district court judge denying SLD eligibility to student with problems in Reading Fluency, provides expanded discussion on deference due to a hearing officer.

August 12, 2016.   Disabilities/Intellectual Disabilities.  New page (under construction); Wikipedia summary of Atkins death penalty case, along with links to amicus/amici briefs in Moore v. Texas.  (Atkins settled the question re application of the death penalty to intellectually disabled individuals.  It did not, unfortunately, settle the question as to what an intellectual disability actually is.)

August 7, 2016.  Sped Resources/Canadian Links.   Two new references regarding the use of Canadian Norms with the WAIS IV.

August 5, 2016.  Disabilities/Emotional Disablity/New OSERS/OSEP Guidance.   New Joint Guidance from OSERS and OSEP on Including Behavior Supports in IEPs.

July 29, 2916  Disabilities/Dyslexia/State Laws.  Updated New Hampshire’s state law regarding screening and interventions for dyslexia.  (Scroll down to NH; states listed alphabetically.)

July 29, 2016.  Guy’s Log/July 2016.   Smith v. Leake County.  A tort case, where the parents of a child with special needs, seriously injured by bullies on the school bus, win the right to sue.

July 28, 2016.  Test Info/PowerPoint by John Willis and Ron Dumont on using test scores to document progress.

July 28, 2016.  Sped Resources/Other Health Impaired.  Five new links on Angelman’s Syndrome, a rare genetic and neurological disorder.

July 27, 2016   Guy’s Log/July 2016.   T.L. v. Lower Merion School District.   School district wins by showing child showed progress.

July 27, 2016.   OCR issues new  guidance and a  26 page Resource on ADHD, along with a new Know Your Rights document for parents.  Spedlaw/OCR  and (Double post)   Disabilities/Other Health Impaired/Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder.

July 18, 2016.   Link on how to become a teacher under Sped Resources/General Education. Exceedingly rich resource for all 50 states.   Also under Guy’s Log/July 2016.   Maple Heights School District v. A.C.    Parents prevailed in claim that child’s behaviors were a manifestation; but lost on IEP because everyone thought that the proposed IEP could have provided the student with FAPE.

July 16, 2016. ” How Can a Person’s Reading Score Be Higher than their IQ?”  Under Sped Resources/Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities.  John Willis’s super simple explanation of the relationship between IQ and achievement.   (Also see Kevin McGrew’s article on Forest Gump in the same section.) Also added under Testing Information (Very General) (double entry)

July 15, 2016.  Three new autism links; one new link for military families under Parent Resources; and one new Learning disabilities link under Sped Resources.

July 14, 2016.   Humor Page/More Cartoons Collected by John Willis and Humor/Even More Cartoons Collected by John Willis.

July 9, 2016.  NASP issued Violence Statement_July 2016 regarding recent violence across the country this month.

July 8, 2016.   Guy’s Log/July.   Moore v. Kansas City Public Schools, Eighth Circuit.  July 7, 2016.   Parents of rape vic
gaveltim with disabilities seek compensation without exhausting IDEA administrative remedies and win right to do so.


July 3, 2016.  WISC V.  New link to a table by Ron Dumont and an explanation by John Willis on the Differences Required for Significance When Each WISC-V Subtest Scaled Score is Compared to the Mean Subtest Scaled Score.

July 3, 2016.  Guy’s Log/July 2016.   James v. District of Columbia.  District Court.  June 21, 2016.  Parent asks for comprehensive evaluation, school just does Triennial Review, and then loses big time in court.

July 3, 2016.  Guy’s Log/July 2016.   A.W. (Williams) v. Fulton County School District, District Court, April, 2016.   Judge affirms right of parents to sue school system and school personnel for damages under Section 1983 of the gavelCivil Rights Act.

July 2, 2016.  New page on Section 1983 of the Civil Rights Act, with an explanation of how and when it may be invoked in lawsuits against school systems.

June 25, 2016,  Guy’s Log 2016/June.    Two tuition reimbursement cases, one where the parents had not cooperatedgavel with the school system (and lost) and one where the parents had cooperated (and won.)

June 21, 2016,   Guy’s Log 2016/June.  “Oh, that’s just OSEP.”   Another OSEP letter on dyslexia — but this time with a couple of problems.

June 11, 2016.  Guy’s Log 2016/June.   DL v. District of Columbia.  Most recent decision  in class action suit gavelstarting in 2005 seeking compliance with the IDEA 2004.

May 30, 2016.  Guy’s Log 2016/May.  Three new cases, one from the Second Circuit, two from the Ninth Circuit.gavel  All were won by parents.   One case, Timothy O. v. Paso Robles, was lost, according to the court,  because the school psychologist failed to complete a comprehensive evaluation before rendering a recommendation.

May 29, 2016.  RIAS II.  Added a brief PowerPoint submitted by Dr. Cecil Reynolds to the School Psychology Listserv on the RIAS II and PSW Models.

May 26, 2016.  Spedlaw/Draft Regs for the ESSA.   The United States Department of Education issued several documents, including draft regulations for the ESSA.

May 14, 2016.  IEP/Related Services.  New (brief) section on Related Services with additional links.

May 13, 2016.  Guy’s Log 2016/May.   M.S. v. Utah School for the Deaf and Blind, Tenth Circuit, May 10, gavel2016.  Tenth Circuit tells District Court judge to decide on placement; criticizes application of purely mathematical formula to determine how much to pay parent attorney.

May 5, 2016.  John’s Log/Comments on Reports 257   This “edition” includes reasons why psychologists should keep the WJ III, the reasons why we shouldn’t use different norms for children with different exceptionalities, among topics of relevance to practitioners assessing intelligence and achievement.

May 5, 2016.   WISC IV vs. WISC 5 table by John Willis.

April 28, 2016. Exit Evaluations for Graduating Seniors for them to receive Accommodations in Post-Secondary Institutions    Regulatory advice regarding schools’ responsibility to test for outside agencies/institutions.

April 27, 2016.  Litigation Update, April 2016.  Somberg v. Utica Schl Dist, District Court, March, 2016.  Parents of autistic adult win compensatory education for student after losing ALJ decision.  gavel

April 27, 2016.  Litigation Update, April, 2016.  Osten v. Manhatten Schl District 114, Dist. Crt., March, 2016.  School wins all points except owes addition $3100 to parents to cover cost of their evaluations.gavel

April 27, 2016.  DAS II.  “Sad News” regarding Colin Elliott.  Also several reviews and abstracts, ordering information, product description, additional testing tips and a checklist from Ron and John.

April 22, 2016.   Sped Resources.    New!  Autism Alternative Interventions — Floor Time and Son-Rise.   Also links cautioning parents before experimenting with new and unproven treatments from a variety of sources.

April 17, 2016.  Sped Resources/Assessment:  Why in standardized testing is the total score often more extreme than the sum of its parts?  Brief article added on topic by John Willis

April 16, 2016.  NEW PAGE.  Humor.   Includes previously published material on this website, adds one research  paper and over 70 “new” cartoons culled from the Internet.

April 14, 2016.  Sped Resources/Math  Link to MFaCTS, an assessment tool; Test Info  “Useful Tables for Reporting Cognitive Assessment scores” by Catherine Fiorello (Scroll to bottom). Sped Resources/Assessments. Updated Information from Joel Schneider.  Link to   “Documentation Guidelines for College Boards Accommodations.”  Also new Sped Resources/Memory Assessments section now available.

April 12, 2016.  Sped Resources/Selective Mutism.   Two new resources for selective mutism, including information on a Yahoo Group.

April 11, 2016. Q and A/4.0.  “What should a school do in establishing a suicide prevention program?”

April 10, 2016.   IEPs and School Psychologists/OSEP Letters.  OSEP Letter re IEPs to Andel, February, 2016 regarding school options when parents unexpectedly brings an attorney.  (Scroll to bottom of section); also in the same section added OSEP Letter to Anonymous, March 3, 2016.  Answered questions about New York  regulations regarding IEPs and (also) a state requirement for a physician’s prescription for related services.

April 9, 2016.  Sped Resources/Social Promotion and Retention.  Expanded section with three additional references on retention.

April 8, 2016.  Guy’s Log, April 2016.   S.C. v. Katonah Lewisboro Central School Dist.,  Dist. gavelCourt, March 30, 2016.   Parent wins complicated tuition reimbursement case after losing SRO decision.

April 8, 2016.  Guy’s Log, April, 2016.  Parent loses to school system in harassment case.  Doe v. Torrington Board of Education.  District Court, March 30, 2016.gavel

April 6, 2016.  Ordering information for the RIAS 2 added to the RIAS page.

March 28, 2016.  Added two 2016 letters to the Test Info/IEPs/OSEP Letters page. (Scroll down to bottom of section.)

March 26, 2016.  Litigation Update, B.D. v. District of Columbia, March 22, 2016, D.C. Circuit Court.   Parents win more than hearing officer awarded, lose other claims. Guy’s Log/March 2016.

March 24, 2016.  Revised OCR, Section 504, and ADA page, along with additional links to 504 resources.

March 17, 2016.  With respect to the issue of pre-kindergarten and pre-firsts for children whom schools believe to be “developmentally unready,” under Preschool Assessments/General information a new link to  NAEYC’s  Position Statement and a new section on the Gesell Institute with links to their resources and assessments.

March 17, 2016. Guy’s Log 2016/March.  Beauchamp v. Anaheim Sch. Dist., Ninth Circuit.   Parent loses claim to almost all of her legal fees because results from a hearing were not substantially greater than were already available in a proferred settlement agreement.

March 16, 2016. forest grove Forest Grove v. T.A.  Now all decisions from ALJ to Supreme Court and back again may be reviewed with added links to the two district court (Judge Mosman) decisions.

March 11, 2016. Guy’s Log 2016/March.  M.C. v. Rockwell Independent School District, Mary 10, 2016, Fifth Circuit.   Parents lose tuition reimbursement case because court find their behavior gavel“unreasonable.”

March 11, 2916. Test Tools/WJIV.  Inserted link to Kevin McGrew’s SlideShare presentation on comparing subtest scores on the Woodcock Johnson.

March 9, 2016.  Updated Dyslexia Laws for all fifty (50) states.

March 5, 2016. John’s Log.    New!  Comments on Reports 256

March 4, 2016.  Litigation update in Guy’s Log 2016.  A.G. v Paradise Valley, Ninth Circuit.   School wins damages lawsuit in part, parent wins right to sue in pgavelart.  Trimble v. Perry, Supreme Court of Alabama.   School system gets parent damages lawsuit for confidentiality violation dismissed.

March 3, 2016.  Added two NASP documents to the Spedlaw page that outlines how ESSA connects with MTSS, essential school practices, and the broad role of school psychologists working within the scope of services described in the NASP Practice Model.


Crosswalk ESSA MTSS PM FINAL  and the worksheet:
Crosswalk Planning Worksheet

February 27, 2016.   A couple of Heartland guidelines added to Specific Learning Disabilities page.

February 27, 2016. Guy’s log 2016.  J.V. v. Albuquerque Public Schools, Tenth Circuit. 2016.gavel  Case where child with autism is handcuffed, Tenth Circuit affirmed District Court for the school.  T.M. v. Tammany Parish, Fifth Circuit, February 2016.  Fifth Circuit overturned District Court ruling awarding parent attorney fees based on ALJ invoking stay put for the child.

February 26, 2016.  Specific Learning Disabilities page.  New Sections on Fidelity and Research on RTI.

February 25, 2016.   Specific Learning Disabilities page. New section on OSEP Letters (17 links and summaries from 2004); extended narrative with findings/recommendations from roundtable, President’s Commission, and Consensus Report prior to IDEA 2004; additional links to resources on RTI.

February 22, 2016. Spedlaw page edited, updated.

February 18, 2016.   Guy’s Log, February,  2016.  Summary of and Link to Miller v. Monroe gavelSchool District, District Court, February 3, 2015, a special ed damages lawsuit.

February 17, 2016.  Added link to WJ IV Assessment Bulletin No. 7, Why are WJ IV Cluster Scores More Extreme than the Average of their Parts?   For other publications by Dr. Schneider see Assessing Psyche  and his Home page.

February 15, 2016.  Since 1997, OSEP has issued 44 letters referencing the interface between FERPA and IDEA Confidentiality requirements.  Four representative  ferpaOSEP FERPA Letters were summarized with links on the FERPA page.

February 12, 2016.  New link under Sped Resources/Autism for the Autism Intervention Research Network.

February 12, 2016.  New Page!  “Blind Deference” answers the question, “How much deference do courts give school authorities with respect to educational policies?”

February 8, 2016.    The Part C page was moved under Spedlaw/OSEP; and the Title IX and Title VI pages may be found under Spedlaw/OCR.

February 8, 2016, Spedlaw/OCR/Title VI.  Expanded discussion, ten more links to OCR resolution letters or agreements regarding allegations of Title VI violations in the schools.

February 6, 2016. Deafness and Hard of Hearing page.  Three resolution letters from OCR regarding 504/Title II allegations were posted.

February 6, 2016. FERPA page updated to include information on state laws, HIPAA, Medicaid, Exceptions, additional IDEA rights, and a new TOC.

February 4, 2016.  Added examples of voluntary compliance resolutions with OCR over ADA/504 compliance allegations in Spedlaw/OCR, 504 and the ADA. 

February 4, 2016. Completely revised and re-published Spedlaw/OCR/Title VI page with OSEP letters, OCR Compliance Resolutions (samples) with schools.

February 2, 2016.  Completely revised and re-published Spedlaw/OCR/Title IX page with case-law, illustrations of over-reacting, and a new TOC.

January 26, 2016.  New Page! Preschool Assessment (3 to 5).   Includes links to support organizations, multi-domain and cognitive assessments, a list of age appropriate tests (with links), OSEP letters, and relevant case law.

January 26, 2016. Updated Spedlaw/OSEP/Part C of the IDEA page  with new references, links, and other relevant information.

January 21, 2016.  Guy’s Log/2016/January  T.K. and S.K. on behalf of L.K  v. New gavelYork City Department of Education.  Second Circuit.   Court affirms decision that refusal to discuss bullying at an IEP meeting was a violation of the parents’ rights, resulted in a loss of FAPE.  Awarded tuition reimbursement and attorney fees.

January 16, 2016.  New Page! Spedlaw/IEPs and School Psychs.  Includes case law,  annotated links to OSEP letters on IEPs since 2004, OSEP Topic Briefs and other resources, relevant 2006 FR comments and regulations, and suggestions on writing measurable social/emotional/behavioral IEP goals.

January 15, 2016.   Seth B. v. New Orleans School District. Guy’s Log 2016.  Parent request for gavel$8000 reimbursement for IEE denied in part, remanded in part.  (Maximum court allowed $3000, but only if district court found their IEE substantially consistent with state criteria.)

January 12, 2016.  New subject headings with additional annotated links are now available in Sped Resources, includingmental illness
Anxiety Disorders
Conduct and Oppositional Defiant Disorders
Eating Disorders
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Functional Behavioral Assessments

Mood Disorders
Suicide Prevention
Tourette Syndrome

January 11, 2016.   New Page!  Under Test Tools, click on Vanderbilt ADHD Diagnostic Scales to view a new page on the AAP’s DSM 5 Vanderbilts. Recommended for screening and monitoring.

January 11, 2016.   Find  information on when consents for observations for SLD are required by clicking on Specific Learning Disabilities/Observations and Consent; and for the rules about extending timelines when evaluating for specific learning disabilities  click on  Specific Learning Disabilities/Extending the Timeline When Evaluating for SLD

January 10, 2016.  Click on  Sped Resources/Medical Information   for new links to search engines checking pharmaceutical side effects that could adversely affect educational performance or cause a substantial limitation resulting from a disability.

January 9, 2016.   Expanded  Sped Resources/Ethics section to address Duty to Warn/Protect,  Dual/Multiple Relationships,  Report Keeping, and other issues facing school psychologists in public and private practice.

January 8, 2016.   Added Domingo v. Kowalski to Guy’s Log 2016.   Sixth Circuit found teacher’s gavelabusive instructional strategies did not rise to a violation of their civil rights.

January 7, 2016.   Added B.P. v. New York Dept. of Education, Second Circuit, 12/30/2015 in Guy’s Log 2016.   School system in tuition reimbursement case not precluded from proving its gavelplacement would have provided FAPE by parents’ (unproven) allegation that a social worker had told them the school didn’t have sufficient resources to provide the promised services.

January 5, 2016.   Questions re 504: There has been some disagreement in our school regarding the following:   (a) If a student doesn’t qualify for 504, does that mean s/he automatically doesn’t qualify for 504?;  must the committee document adverse affect in order to entitle the student; and (3) what constitutes a disability under 504.  Also, who can evaluate a student for 504 eligibiity, who decides whether the student qualifies for 504 services, and what happens when the parent and school disagree?  Click on 1.1 Screening/Evaluation/Identification  

January 5, 2016.  Added additional links under Sped Resources/Social Promotion and Retention to more recent articles and research on retention, redshirting, and Light’s Retention Scale.

January 3, 2016.   Added  Tables and an explanation for computing a Willis McBride Dumont Intellectual Quotient (the WMD) for the WISC V and WPPSI IV in a new page under Test Tools, the Wechsler Ten Subtest Tables.   (We abbreviate it as “the WMD” since it is an Intellectual Quotient, NOT an Intelligence Quotient, to avoid confusion.)


Navigation Hints: *

Clicking on a topic at the top of this (and every) page will take you to the main page for that subject area.  Hovering over a tab will light up the main subheadings, but it should be remembered that a few of the subheadings are themselves a “parent” to still other pages (e.g., “OCR, Section 504, and the ADA,” “Who Are We,” and “WISC V.”)  However, many of the pages have Tables of Contents that can only be accessed by actually clicking on the page.  Each of the headings in the TOC is itself a click-able link that will take the reader directly to that section on that page.  On every page, a small bar appears to the lower right that says “Scroll to Top.”  Clicking on that bar will take the reader directly to the top of the page or TOC.   This website is also fully searchable  by clicking on the “Search” heading at the top of this or any page.

Free Downloads *


Most of our links to media on our website are either to Microsoft Word or to Adobe Acrobat PDF files.   Readers of this website  can access a free Microsoft Word Viewer (a 2007 replacement for its older 2003 viewer) for reading, printing, or copying Word documents at:   Free Word Download


Free Adobe Acrobat Readers for Windows may be downloaded at:  Adobe Acrobat Reader Be careful when installing to make sure the McAfee option is only checked if you want McAfee installed.  


There are additionally a few PowerPoints.  Microsoft also makes available a free PowerPoint Viewer which can be downloaded at:  Free PowerPoint Viewer Download

*Answers to acronyms:  Autism Spectrum Disorder, Sensory Processing Disorder, Individualized Education Program, Free Appropriate Public Education, No Child Left Behind, Speech & Language Pathologist, Occupational Therapy, Applied Behavior Analysis, Americans with Disabilities Act, Adapted Physical Education, Functional Behavior Assessment, Behavior Intervention Plan, Family Educational Rights & Privacy Act, Least Restrictive Environment, Independent Education Evaluation, Assistive Technology