what's new

Scroll down to see our new revisions and additions

Autism Spectrum Disorder, Sensory Processing Disorder, Individualized Education Plan, Free Appropriate Public Education, No Child Left Behind, Speech & Language Pathologist, Occupational Therapy, Applied Behavior Analysis, Americans with Disabilities Act, Adapted Physical Education, Functional Behavior Assessment, Behavior Intervention Plan, Family Educational Rights & Privacy Act, Least Restrictive Environment, Individual Education Evaluation, Assistive technology . . .:

(Answers at bottom of this page)*

Who are School Psychologists?

school psychologist

School psychologists are uniquely qualified members of school teams that support students’ ability to learn and teachers’ ability to teach. They apply expertise in mental health, learning, and behavior, to help children and youth succeed academically, socially, behaviorally, and emotionally. School psychologists partner with families, teachers, school administrators, and other professionals to create safe, healthy, and supportive learning environments that strengthen connections between home, school, and the community.” NASP

This website has been designed to provide school psychologists (and those with an interest in school psychology) with federal, state, legal, and professional resources to assist them in fulfilling their support functions as summarized above.    

Please let us know if you find a link that is no longer valid.  (Click here on Contact Us.)

If a Table of Contents appears at the top of the page, clicking on a blue link  within the TOC will take a reader directly to that section.  Additionally, clicking on the “Scroll to Top” box on the right side of any page will take the reader back to the top of the page.

For information on free downloads to view Word, PDF, or PowerPoints, scroll to the bottom of this page.


School Psychology Symbol

February 2016. FERPA page updated to include information on state laws, HIPAA, Medicaid, Exceptions, additional IDEA rights, and a new TOC.

February 4, 2016.  Added examples of voluntary compliance resolutions with OCR over ADA/504 compliance allegations in Spedlaw/OCR, 504 and the ADA. 

February 4, 2016. Completely revised and re-published Spedlaw/Title VI page with OSEP letters, OCR Compliance Resolutions (samples) with schools.

February 2, 2016.  Completely revised and re-published Spedlaw/Title IX page with case law, illustrations of over-reacting, and a new TOC.

January 26, 2016.  New Page! Preschool Assessment (3 to 5).   Includes links to support organizations, multi-domain and cognitive assessments, a list of age appropriate tests (with links), OSEP letters, and relevant case law.

Januar 26, 2016. Updated Part C of the IDEA page  with new references, links, and other relevant information.

January 21, 2016.  Guy’s Log/2016/January  T.K. and S.K. on behalf of L.K  v. New York City Department of Education.  Second Circuit.   Court affirms decision that refusal to discuss bullying at an IEP meeting was a violation of the parents’ rights, resuled in a loss of FAPE.  Awarded tuition reimbursement and attorney fees.

January 16, 2016.  New Page! Spedlaw/IEPs and School Psychs.  Includes case law,  annotated links to OSEP letters on IEPs since 2004, OSEP Topic Briefs and other resources, relevant 2006 FR comments and regulations, and suggestions on writing measurable social/emotional/behavioral IEP goals.

January 15, 2016.   Seth B. v. New Orleans School District. Guy’s Log 2016.  Parent request for $8000 reimbursement for IEE denied in part, remanded in part.  (Maximum court allowed $3000, but only if district court found their IEE substantially consistent with state criteria.)

January 12, 2016.  New subject headings with additional annotated links are now available in Sped Resources, including
Anxiety Disorders
Conduct and Oppositional Defiant Disorders
Eating Disorders
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Functional Behavioral Assessments

Mood Disorders
Suicide Prevention
Tourette Syndrome

January 11, 2016.   New Page!  Under Test Tools, click on Vanderbilt ADHD Diagnostic Scales to view a new page on the AAP’s DSM 5 Vanderbilts. Recommended for screening and monitoring.

January 11, 2016.   Find  information on when consents for observations for SLD are required by clicking on Specific Learning Disabilities/Observations and Consent; and for the rules about extending timelines when evaluating for specific learning disabilities  click on  Specific Learning Disabilities/Extending the Timeline When Evaluating for SLD

January 10, 2016.  Click on  Sped Resources/Medical Information   for new links to search engines checking pharmaceutical side effects that could adversely affect educational performance or cause a substantial limitation resulting from a disability.

January 9, 2016.   Expanded  Sped Resources/Ethics section to address Duty to Warn/Protect,  Dual/Multiple Relationships,  Report Keeping, and other issues facing school psychologists in public and private practice.

January 8, 2016.   Added Domingo v. Kowalski to Guy’s Log 2016.   Sixth Circuit found teacher’s abusive instructional strategies did not rise to a violation of their civil rights.

January 7, 2016.   Added B.P. v. New York Dept. of Education, Second Circuit, 12/30/2015 in Guy’s Log 2016.   School system in tuition reimbursement case not precluded from proving its placement would have provided FAPE by parents’ (unproven) allegation that a social worker had told them the school didn’t have sufficient resources to provide the promised services.

January 5, 2016.   Questions re 504: There has been some disagreement in our school regarding the following:   (a) If a student doesn’t qualify for 504, does that mean s/he automatically doesn’t qualify for 504?;  must the committee document adverse affect in order to entitle the student; and (3) what constitutes a disability under 504.  Also, who can evaluate a student for 504 eligibiity, who decides whether the student qualifies for 504 services, and what happens when the parent and school disagree?  Click on 1.1 Screening/Evaluation/Identification  

January 5, 2016.  Added additional links under Sped Resources/Social Promotion and Retention to more recent articles and research on retention, redshirting, and Light’s Retention Scale.

January 3, 2016.   Added  Tables and an explanation for computing a Willis McBride Dumont Intellectual Quotient (the WMD) for the WISC V and WPPSI IV in a new page under Test Tools, the Wechsler Ten Subtest Tables.   (We abbreviate it as “the WMD” since it is an Intellectual Quotient, NOT an Intelligence Quotient, to avoid confusion.)

January 2, 2016.   Added several “new” cases to Other Health Impaired/ADHD.

December 30, 2015.   Completely  revised the Other Health Impaired page under Disability Info with updated information on ADHD and (C)APD .

December 26, 2015.  Added OSEP letters on ED, OSEP Letters on Manifestation Determination Hearings, and and several new cases arranged chronologically  to the Emotional Disabilities page with links to the letters and decisions. Expanded discussion of SM v. ED.

December 21, 2015.  Extensively revised the Emotional Disabilities page with additional links to states’ guidance and Court Cases.   Along with brief analyses of the decisions, links to each decision are also provided so the reader can read and form his/her own conclusions.

December 20, 2015. Spedlaw/Every Student Succeeds Act.    Added an article by the LDA of America and a letter from the United States Dept. of Education 12/18/2015.

Decenber 17, 2015. Guy’s Log 2015/December.  Added A.H. v. NY Dept of ED/District Crt 2015 ABA reimbursement case.  Decided for the school system.

December 17, 2015.  Updated Specific Learning Disabilities/Dyslexia page with new links to state statutes, other resources.

December 13, 2015. Q and A.  Added Q and A on school’s authority if a violation of the student code of conduct is not a manifestation under Discipline 3.0.

December 11, 2015. Spedlaw.  Added links to the Student Success Act of 2015, which overhauled and replaced NCLB.  Some of the references that directly apply to special education students are cited.

December 10, 2015.   Guy’s Log 2015  J.M v. Kingston City.  Parents asks SRO’s decision overturning a Hearing Officer’s decision in a tuition reimbursement case be reversed and is again denied.  (School won.)

December 4, 2015.  Guy’s Log 2015.   Lillian B. v. Gwinnet Cty School District, Eleventh Circuit, November 19, 2015.  Eleventh Circuit tosses a district court’s summary judgment in favor of the school system, remands back for further ajudication.

November 30, 2015. John’s Log.  Added Comments on Reports 255.

November 29, 2015.  Added a page on Dyslexia under the Disabilities Info/Specific Learning Disabilities tab in the header.

November 28, 2015.  Sped Resources.  Added a new section for Assistive Technologincluding several state publications/resources on assessment.

November 28, 2015.  Test Info.  Statistics:  Test Scores PowerPoint.  Added revised PowerPoint by John Willis on the use of test scores (and how they evolved) correcting some previous errors.

November 17, 2015. Guy’s Log 2015.  OSEP issues letter expressing its view that all children with disabilities should be held to high expectations at grade level,  except, of course, for those for whom those standards are inappropriate.

November 13, 2015. Spedlaw.  Consolidated our information on Section 504 on a new page, Section 504, ADA, and OCR.

November 13, 2015. Guy’s Log 2015.  Carroll v. Lawton, Tenth Circuit, 11/10/15.  Parent’s lawsuit for damages resulting from alleged teacher abuse tossed because educational issues could have been addressed through administrative remedies.

November 9, 2015. Q & A.  How and by whom can IEPs be changed?

November 9, 2015. Q & A.  Who has the authority to determine if a violation of a Student Code of Conduct was a manifestation of the child’s disability?

November 7, 2015. Sped Resources and Disabilities/Specific Learning Disabilities.  Added a link to 10 23 2015 OSERS Letter on the IDEA and Dyslexia under both tabs.

November 6, 2015. Guy’s Log 2015.  Phylenne W. v. Huntsville Board of Ed.  October 23, 2015.  11th Circuit.  School fails to evaluate student after learning of a hearing problem and loses a tuition reimbursement lawsuit.

November 2, 2015. Sped Resources.  Added new section on Multi-Tiered Support Services.

October 28, 2015. Q & A.  Added Q & A regarding FERPA, Google Drive, and FPCO enforcement powers.

October 26, 2015. Sped Resources.  Added NASP FACT SHEETS: DISABILITIES.

October 24, 2015. Q & A.  Added a Q & A regarding the use of grade norms vs. age norms from an individually administered test of achievement.

October 23, 2015. Sped Resources.   After deleting all of the broken links resulting from NASP’s reorganization of its website, added under Sped Resources a link to each of its Position Papers  and FACT Sheets.

October 23, 2015.   Guy’s Log 2015.  O.S. v Fairfax County Board of Education, Fourth Circuit, October 15, 2015.  Parents lose fight to convince Fourth Circuit that IDEA  1997 and 2004 rendered Supreme Court’s decision in 1982 Rowley case re definition of FAPE outdated and obsolete.

October 13, 2015. Q & A.  Added Q & As regarding grandparents and foster parents acting as parents; and whether a parent signature on an IEP denotes agreement.

October 11, 2015. Q & A.   Are Settlement Agreements requiring parents to give up their due process rights enforceable by the SEA or a court of law?    Also , Is a written parent request for an initial evaluation considered informed consent mandating a review of existing data?

October 7, 2015.   Q & A.  Added Q and A re attorneys at IEP team meetings.

October 6, 2015.  Added a new page, Q & A.   Edited Questions from the NASP School Psychology Listserv with responses from one or more of the Editors will be archived here chronologically.   A list of Questions will be listed in the TOC at the top.

October 5, 2015.  Sped Resources/Reading.   Added link to Mindplay.com, an on-line reading intervention program. Sped Resources/Math.   Added Dream box Math link for Ipad based math intervention program.

October 4, 2015. Sped Resources/Reading.  Added link to the Wilson Reading System, which is based on the Orton Gillingham research.

October 1, 2015.   Added a new section under Sped Resources — Assistants One-to One.  This sections includes articles, research, and guidance for determining when a one-to-one para-professional is appropriate.

September 28, 2015. John’s Log.  Added Comments on Reports (9/17/2015) Number 254.

September 25, 2015.   Guy’s Log 2015.  G.L v. Ligonier Valley, September 22, 2015.  Does the IDEIA limit compensatory education to injuries occurring two years before the filing of the complaint, even if earlier injuries are claimed within two years of their reasonable discovery?

September 15, 2015. Sped Resources/Blind and Visually Impaired.  Added a link to Accredited Schools online.

September 15, 2015.  Sped Resources.  Added a new section  of links to Sample Parent Lettersprofessionally crafted to help parents assert their children’s rights.

September 13, 2015.  Guy’s Log 2015.   Added two new cases.   Munroe v. Central Bucks, a freedom of speech case wherein a teacher lost her job because of on-line posts, exemplifying our somewhat pessimistic view of the Internet as being a very dangerous place; and D.M. v the New Jersey Department of Education, a case where the parents successfully skipped due process to invoke stay put when the Education Department challenged their child’s educational placement.

September 8, 2015. Test Tools/WISC V.  Pearson published and we added  two new Technical Reports on the WISC V, Technical Report #1 on the Expanded Fluid Index and Verbal Score; and Technical Report # 2 on Testing Deaf and Hard of Hearing Children.

September 3, 2015. Sped Resources/Transition:  School-to-Work.  Added a new link to “College Resources for Students with Disabilities.”

September 2, 2015.  Spedlaw.  The United States Department of Education on August 21 once again has amended the Part B regulations.   The comments and discussion of revised regulations begin on page 50773 of the August 21, 2015 Federal Register “to no longer authorize a State to define modified academic achievement standards and develop alternate assessments based on those modified academic achievement standards for eligible students with disabilities.”

August 28, 2015. Sped Resources/Orthopedic Impairments.  Added the link Remodeling for Disability and Special Needs.    “This guide will identify legal and financial resources available to citizens, seniors, and veterans, offer tips to hire the right home remodeler, and suggest modifications throughout the home to make the space as accommodating as possible.”  Also applicable to children.

August 18, 2015. Sped Resources/Medical Information.  Added a link to Drugwatch.com.   Although containing information about illegal drug use by college students,  that same information is, sadly, often applicable to middle and high school students.

August 14, 2015, Guy’s Log 2015.   Hill v. Madison County, 11th Circuit,  8/12/2015 Section 1983, Title IX  “Rape Bait” school case

August 14, 2015.   Guy’s Log 2015.  Two relatively unimportant cases illustrating, in the first, the application of IDEA standards to a tuition reimbursement case and, in the second, the importance of exhausting administrative remedies and filing claims for relief in a timely manner.

August 6, 2015. Guy’s Log 2015.   T.B. v San Diego Unified School Dist.  Another 504 damages case, the parents alleging “deliberate indifference.”

August 6, 2015. Guy’s Log 2015.  Link and brief discussion of OSEP Letter to ASHA regarding Part C/Part B Providers, ABA, for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.




Most of our links to media on our website are either to Microsoft Word or to Adobe Acrobat PDF files.   Readers of this website  can access a free Microsoft Word Viewer (a 2007 replacement for its older 2003 viewer) for reading, printing, or copying Word documents at:   Free Word Download


Free Adobe Acrobat Readers for Windows may be downloaded at:  Adobe Acrobat Reader Be careful when installing to make sure the McAfee option is only checked if you want McAfee installed.  


There are additionally a few PowerPoints.  Microsoft also makes available a free PowerPoint Viewer which can be downloaded at:  Free PowerPoint Viewer Download

*Answers to acronyms:  Autism Spectrum Disorder, Sensory Processing Disorder, Individualized Education Plan, Free Appropriate Public Education, No Child Left Behind, Speech & Language Pathologist, Occupational Therapy, Applied Behavior Analysis, Americans with Disabilities Act, Adapted Physical Education, Functional Behavior Assessment, Behavior Intervention Plan, Family Educational Rights & Privacy Act, Least Restrictive Environment, Individual Education Evaluation, Assistive technology